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Hundreds of thousands of people are trapped in the coastal city and as many as 2500 civilians have died in Mariupol, Ukrainian officials estimate.
“After an awful night of not knowing, we finally have good news from Mariupol on the morning of the 22nd day of the war,” the former Donetsk region head Sergei Taruta wrote in a Facebook post Thursday.
“The bomb shelter [of the theatre] was able to hold. The rubble is beginning to be cleared. People are coming out alive.”
It was not yet clear whether all those who sheltered in the theatre had survived. Exact numbers have been difficult to confirm due to the difficulties of maintaining communications in Mariupol.
Convoys of people in the besieged city have also reportedly been able to leave, although Russia claims they are taking them.
Meanwhile, US President Joe Biden has confirmed he will speak with Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, as questions over Beijing’s stance on the Russian invasion grow louder.
Ukraine’s Minister of Defence, Oleskii Reznikov, said on Thursday that the Russian who carried out the bombing was a “monster”, and stressed the presence of children in the building.
“You’ve probably already heard that this theatre which was struck by missiles, a theatre where 1200 women and children were hiding,” he told the European Parliament via video link.
“And you can see from the maps, from the drones that around this theatre, big letters of ‘CHILDREN’ were written so that the pilot of the plane which was throwing the bombs could see ‘CHILDREN’, and still, in spite of that, this monster has bombed the theatre.”
Maxim Kach, a Mariupol city government official, said the building was for civilians, with only women and young children hiding within it and not military personnel, while an adviser to the government said it was the largest shelter in Mariupol.
Hope had earlier emerged on Thursday night (AEDT) when an official first said some people had managed to survive inside the Mariupol theatre.
A photo released by Mariupol’s city council showed an entire section of the large, three-storey theatre had collapsed after the strike Wednesday evening.
Several hundred people had taken refuge in the building, seeking safety amid Russia’s three-week, strangulating siege of the strategic Azov Sea port city.
Images released by the Maxar space technology company showed the the pavement in front of and behind the once-elegant theatre had in fact been marked with huge white letters spelling out “CHILDREN” in Russian, at least as recently as Monday.
Rubble had temporarily buried the entrance to the shelter inside the theatre, and it was not yet known how many people were killed or injured, Pavlo Kyrylenko, head of the Donetsk regional administration, said on Telegram.
Russian airstrikes also hit a municipal swimming pool complex in Mariupol where civilians, including women and children, had been sheltering, Mr Kyrylenko said.
“Now there are pregnant women and women with children under the rubble there,” he wrote, though the number of casualties was not immediately known.
“My heart breaks from what Russia is doing to our people,” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said Wednesday night after the theatre strike.
Hours earlier, he delivered a speech via video to the US Congress that garnered several ovations as he called for more help.
The Russian Defence Ministry denied bombing the theatre or anywhere else in Mariupol on Wednesday.
On Thursday, Russian artillery destroyed a school and a community centre in Merefa, a city near the northeast city of Kharkiv, according to Merefa’s mayor Veniamin Sitov. There were no known civilian casualties. The Kharkiv region has seen heavy bombardment as stalled Russian forces try to advance in the area.
Six nations have called for a UN Security Council meeting on Ukraine on Thursday afternoon, ahead of an expected vote Friday on a Russian resolution demanding protection for Ukrainian civilians “in vulnerable situations,” yet making no mention of Moscow’s responsibility for the war.
“Russia is committing war crimes and targeting civilians,” Britain’s UN Mission tweeted, announcing the call for the meeting that was joined by the US, France and others. “Russia’s illegal war on Ukraine is a threat to us all.”
Russian attacks have battered cities and villages across large parts of Ukraine, including the capital, Kyiv, where residents have been huddling in homes and shelters.
A fire broke out in a Kyiv apartment building early Thursday after it was hit by the remnants of a downed Russian rocket, killing one person and injuring at least three others, according to emergency services. Firefighters evacuated 30 people from the top floors of the 16-storey building and extinguished the blaze within an hour.
Russian President Vladimir Putin went on television to Wednesday excoriate Russians who don’t back him, even as both sides expressed optimism over efforts to negotiate an end to the fighting.
Russians “will always be able to distinguish true patriots from scum and traitors and will simply spit them out like a gnat that accidentally flew into their mouths,” he said. “I am convinced that such a natural and necessary self-purification of society will only strengthen our country.”
He said the West is using a “fifth column” of traitorous Russians to create civil unrest.
“And there is only one goal, I have already spoken about it — the destruction of Russia,” he said.
The speech appeared to be a warning that his authoritarian rule, which had already grown tighter since the invasion began on Feb. 24, shutting down Russian news outlets and arresting protesters, could grow even more repressive.
In a sign of that, Russian law enforcement announced the first known criminal cases under a new law that allows for 15-year prison terms for posting what is deemed to be “false information” about the Ukraine war. Among those charged was Veronika Belotserkovskaya, a Russian-language cookbook author and blogger living abroad.
But it also came amid signs that talks were finally making progress.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said after Tuesday’s meeting that a neutral military status for Ukraine was being “seriously discussed” by the two sides, while Zelenskyy said Russia’s demands for ending the war were becoming “more realistic.”
Wednesday’s talks, held by video, appeared to wade more deeply into technicalities.
Zelenskyy adviser Mikhailo Podolyak said Ukraine demanded a cease-fire, the withdrawal of Russian troops and security guarantees for Ukraine from several countries.
“This is possible only through direct dialogue” between Zelenskyy and Putin, he tweeted.
An official in Zelenskyy’s office told The Associated Press that the main subject under discussion was whether Russian troops would remain in separatist regions in eastern Ukraine after the war and where the borders would be.
The official, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive talks, said Ukraine was insisting on the inclusion of one or more Western nuclear powers in the negotiations and on a legally binding document with security guarantees for Ukraine. In exchange, the official said, Ukraine was ready to discuss a neutral status.
Russia has demanded that NATO pledge never to admit Ukraine to the alliance or station forces there.