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Russia has published a set of stringent demands it is making of the US and Nato, which would end all prospect of Ukraine or other former Soviet states joining the transatlantic alliance and rewrite many of the principles upholding European security since the end of the cold war.

Moscow’s demands go even further than the “red lines” mentioned by President Vladimir Putin, who has said they are needed to insulate Moscow from the threat of attack, and many have previously been ruled out by Nato and its members. Russia’s foreign ministry posted them on its website on Friday after handing them to the US this week.

The US and EU are worried that the proposals could be a prelude to war after Russia deployed about 100,000 troops near its border with Ukraine in recent weeks.

Putin, who denies Moscow plans to invade its neighbour, has blamed the tensions on Nato for supplying Kyiv with advanced weaponry and holding “provocative” exercises near Russia’s borders.

Sergei Ryabkov, a deputy Russian foreign minister, told reporters that Moscow wanted to begin negotiations over its proposals in Geneva as soon as possible.

“US and Nato have aggressively escalated the security situation in recent years, which is absolutely unacceptable and extremely dangerous,” Ryabkov said. “Washington and its Nato allies must immediately end their regular hostile acts against our country.”

US president Joe Biden agreed to discuss Putin’s grievances further in a video call last week but has given no indication that Washington could accept the demands. Ryabkov said Russia was not encouraged by the US’s initial response and called on the White House to take Moscow’s demands seriously.

US president Joe Biden, right, speaks to Russian president Vladimir Putin during a video call last week © Adam Schultz/The White House/AP

Under the draft proposals, Nato would have to seek consent from Moscow to deploy troops in former Communist countries in Europe that joined Nato in May 1997.

“Our position is that all these things need to be removed and it’s necessary to return to the 1997 positions,” Ryabkov said.

Nato would have to refrain from “any military activity” in Ukraine, eastern Europe, the southern Caucasus, and central Asia; pledge not to deploy any missiles close enough to hit Russia; and limit exercises to previously agreed numbers in border zones.

A separate treaty with the US would require each side to keep their bombers, naval vessels and missiles out of striking distance of the other party, as well as limiting all their nuclear weapons to their own territory. The US would also pledge not to set up bases in any former Soviet countries or partner with their militaries.

Alliance members have begun discussing potential responses to the proposals, including a mirror list of demands that could be presented to Moscow before any diplomatic talks.

Nato secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg did not rule out discussions on the contents, but said the alliance was “clear that any dialogue with Russia would also need to address Nato’s concerns about Russia’s actions, be based on the core principles and documents of European security and take place in consultation with Nato’s European partners such as Ukraine”.

Nato members want to avoid dismissing the Russian proposals out of hand and giving Putin a propaganda victory, while at the same time making clear that many of the demands — including ruling out Ukraine’s potential membership of the alliance — are unacceptable.

Alliance officials are also aware that without negotiations to defuse tension and reverse Russian troop deployments, Moscow may seek to establish its militarisation of the border as an accepted baseline.

Source: This post first appeared on Duk News

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