Thousands flee as Indonesia's Mount Semeru volcano erupts anew exactly a year after last deadly eruption
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Indonesia Volcano Eruption
Villagers stand on an area covered in volcanic ash as Mount Semeru looms in the background in Kajar Kuning village in Lumajang, East Java, Indonesia, December 5, 2022.

Imanuel Yoga/AP

Lumajang, Indonesia — Rescuers evacuated more people Monday from nearby villages after the eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Semeru, with officials warning of danger from cooling lava despite less activity from the volcano. More than 2,400 villagers have now fled their homes and taken shelter in 11 evacuation centers after the highest mountain on the country’s main island of Java erupted early Sunday morning.

The government’s alert status indicating danger from the volcano was raised to its highest level Sunday. It had previously been at its second-highest level since the last major eruption, which began on December 4, 2021.

Last year’s eruption killed 51 people and damaged more than 5,000 homes while forcing nearly 10,000 people to seek refuge.

“The military, police, local disaster and village officials keep evacuating people in Curah Kobokan where the hot ash cloud and cold lava might travel,” Abdul Muhari, a spokesman for Indonesia’s disaster mitigation agency, told local television. “So far the total number of evacuees is 2,489.”

Officials have announced a state of emergency for the next two weeks and authorities have been distributing free masks to protect against ash in the air while setting up public kitchens for evacuees.

Indonesia Volcano Eruption
People evacuate livestock from their village following the eruption of Mount Semeru in Kajar Kuning village, Lumajang, East Java, Indonesia, December 5, 2022.

Imanuel Yoga/AP

On Monday morning, dozens of evacuees in Lumajang district where Semeru is located ventured back to their ash-covered homes to retrieve important belongings, before returning to shelters, according to an AFP journalist.

Some shepherded livestock while others carried appliances such as TVs and refrigerators as the volcano spewed ash in the background.

Muhari said visual observation of Semeru on Monday morning indicated less intense volcanic activity but he warned of potential danger from lava flows that had cooled after heavy rain.

“What we worry about is economic activities such as sand mining. We want to make sure the route where the hot ash cloud and the cold lava might travel is completely free of activity,” he said.

Indonesia Volcano Eruption
Rescuers monitor the flow of volcanic materials from the eruption of Mount Semeru, in Lumajang, East Java, Indonesia, December 4, 2022.

Hendra Permana/AP

Many of the victims from last year’s eruption were sand miners working high on the slopes of the volcano.

Semeru, also known as Mahameru, has erupted many times over the last couple centuries, but just like many of the other 128 active volcanoes that are monitored across Indonesia, its fertile slopes are home to tens of thousands of people who thrive on the rich soil it provides for agriculture.

Indonesia, an achipelago nation home to more than 270 million people, sits on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” where the meeting of continental plates causes substantial volcanic and seismic activity.

Vector map of the Pacific Ring of Fire with the main volcanoes
A map shows the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” with the main volcanoes labelled. 


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